Shaw Prize 2005 :: Miscellaneous :: Astronomy @ Stardust Sand 銀星砂

2005年邵逸夫獎 天文學獎

文學獎平均頒予美國加州大學伯克萊分校天文學教授的傑弗里•馬西教授 (Professor Geoffrey Marcy) 和瑞士日內瓦大學天文學教授的米歇爾•麥耶教授 (Professor Michel Mayor),為表彰他們最早發現太陽系以外的一個恆星的行星,了解其質量與軌道,從而引導出對行星之產生的革命性的新認識。


得獎人簡介

傑弗里•馬西 (Geoffrey Marcy)

傑弗里•馬西教授(1954年出生)現為美國加州大學伯克萊分校天文學教授, 和三藩市州立大學物理及天文學兼任教授。1976年, 馬西教授在美國加州大學洛杉磯分校畢業(雙主修:物理學和天文學), 1982年在加州大學聖塔克魯茲分校取得天文學及天體物理學哲學博士學位。

馬西教授是華盛頓卡內基研究院卡內基院士(1982-84年); 三藩市州立大學物理及天文學助理教授(1984-1996年); 和三藩市州立大學榮譽大學教授(1997-1999年間)。2002年他獲美國科學院選為院士。


米歇爾•麥耶 (Michel Mayor)

米歇爾•麥耶教授 (1942年出生), 現為瑞士日內瓦大學天文學教授, 並自1998年起出任日內瓦天文台台長。麥耶教授早年在洛桑大學修讀物理學(1966年), 1971年在日內瓦大學取得哲學博士, 自此一直在該校從事研究至1984年, 1988年出任天文學教授。
麥耶教授參與多個國際科學組織工作, 包括南歐洲天文台(智利); 普羅旺斯高地天文台(法國CNRS)。麥耶教授多次逗留英國劍橋天文台(1971年間)和夏威夷大學(1994-95年)工作; 他又擔任國際天文學聯盟有關銀河結構局主席(1988-91年); 南歐洲天文台科學及技術局委員會主席(1990-92年); 和瑞士天體物理學及天文學協會會長(1990-93年)。

Geoffrey Marcy
Prof. Geoffrey Marcy
Michel Mayor
Prof. Michel Mayor

The Shaw Laureates in Astronomy 2005

The Shaw Prize in Astronomy 2005 is awarded jointly to Geoffrey Marcy and Michel Mayor. For finding and characterizing the orbits and masses of the first planets around other stars, thereby revolutionizing our understanding of the processes that form planets and planetary systems.


Geoffrey Marcy (b. 1954) is the Professor of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley and Adjunct Professor of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University.

He graduated from UCLA, Summa Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa in 1976 with a B.A. (Double Major: Physics and Astronomy), and attained his Ph.D. (Astronomy and Astrophysics) at the University of California Santa Cruz (1982).

He was the Carnegie Fellow, Carnegie Institution of Washington (1982-1984), the Associate-Full Professor of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University (1984-1996); and Distinguished University Professor, San Francisco State University (1997-1999). He was elected as a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2002.


Michel Mayor (b. 1942) is currently Professor at the Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, and since 1998 has been the Director of the Geneva Observatory.

Professor Mayor studied physics at Lausanne University (1966) and then attained his Ph.D. at the Geneva University (1971). He has been research associate at the Geneva University (1971-1984) and the Professor of Astronomy since 1988.

He has taken part in and continues to contribute to the work of the international scientific community, at the European Southern Observatory (ESO, Chile) and at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (CNRS, France), with stays at Cambridge Observatory (UK) in 1971 and at the University of Hawaii (1994-1995), undertaking work at the Presidency of the Commission on the galactic structure of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) (1988-1991), of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the European Southern Observatory (1990-1992) and of the Swiss Society of Astrophysics and Astronomy (1990-1993).

Geoffrey Marcy
Prof. Geoffrey Marcy
Michel Mayor
Prof. Michel Mayor

電視節目 TV Program


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